Amos has been connected to the sheep: he was a shepherd by trade, who had a tremendous concern for the downtrodden, and was called by God to become a prophet.
Chapters 1-3, Amos prophesied about God’s plans to judge Israel and the surrounding nations, eight in all. Today, we will conclude this section with chapter 3.
Some period of time elapsed between chapter 2 and chapter 3, with Amos presumably delivering his message multiple times, perhaps going out into the villages, or traveling to other cities.
By chapter 3, the book of Amos begins the recording of three sermons preached to Israel (Chapters 3-5), calling all of God’s people to repentance. Each of the sermons begins with the words “Hear this word…” Woven throughout Amos’ words were the theologies of the ancient Hebrew faith.
In chapter 3 Amos addressed the whole people of God, all twelve tribes of Israel were God’s specially chosen people from out of the nations of the earth, The Lord’s family.
Hear this word that the Lord has spoken against you, O people of Israel,
against the whole family that I brought up out of the land of Egypt:
You only have I known
of all the families of the earth;
therefore I will punish you
for all your iniquities.Amos 3:1-2 (NRSV)
Amos touched on two theologies:
- Exodus theology: The phrase “brought up out of the land of Egypt” would have triggered instant recognition of this teaching’s key thought “God brought us up with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm” and would have alerted them to the roots and bones of their beginnings.
Because God had rescued and redeemed them, the people of God belonged to God. They were to remember who they were, once enslaved and oppressed, then delivered and liberated. Out of great thanksgiving, they were to internalize God’s own core values of righteousness and justice, to extend God’s mercy, and to be the very display of God’s character and truth to the nations.
- Election theology: The Hebrew verb “yada” is translated “known,” though some versions have “chosen,” and is a word often used to express the intimate relationship between a husband and a wife. The Lord had covenanted with Israel to enjoy a special relationship with God, and also to express God’s great love and care to the whole world, to be a blessing to all nations.
God had chosen and knew one people of all the people groups on earth—the Israelites. Just that one phrase, “You only have I known,” would have generated a whole cascade of thoughts and feelings tied in with the Exodus theology.
For you are a people holy to the Lord your God;
the Lord your God has chosen you
out of all the peoples on earth to be his people, his treasured possession.
It was not because you were more numerous than any other people that the Lord set his heart on you and chose you—for you were the fewest of all peoples.
It was because the Lord loved you and kept the oath that he swore to your ancestors, that the Lord has brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you from the house of slavery, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.Deuteronomy 7:6-8 (NRSV)
Amos then gave physical illustrations of cause and effect to depict the spiritual cause and effect about to come:
- You and I see two people walk together, what we did not see was them agreeing to get together, but that is what happened.
- We see the trap snapped shut, that is because a bird flew into it.
- We hear a lion roaring; well, that is because the hunting lion has found its prey.
All of these illustrations were meant to clarify the cause and effect of sin and judgment. Amos was telling the people, If you have done wrong, fallen short of God’s covenant, then God is going to judge it, and God has roared, so that means you have sinned, and the judgement is coming.
And, Amos continued, here I stand before you today, just like the trumpeter on the wall that only blows when trouble is coming.
It is good to be afraid.
Just like you would be if the trumpet really were blowing, or if there really was a lion roaring in your ear, because my prophesying is proof that God has spoken, otherwise I would not be here.
In order to shock his audience awake to the grave magnitude of their wickedness, Amos called upon those places that represented the worst of the worst to Israel—Philistia and Egypt. Come, Amos shouted, metaphorically, to these centuries’ old opponents. You think you are the worst? Come look at Israel, then you will know what true wickedness is.
Proclaim to the strongholds in Ashdod,
and to the strongholds in the land of Egypt,
and say, “Assemble yourselves on Mount Samaria,
and see what great tumults are within it,
and what oppressions are in its midst.”
They do not know how to do right, says the Lord,Amos 3:9-10 (NRSV)
The Israelites’ moral compass had broken, they had lost discernment about right and wrong because they had rejected God’s core values.
God’s judgement would include being overrun by their enemy, only a remnant would survive.
With vivid imagery, Amos depicted what God had shown him in his vision, “Thus says the Lord: As the shepherd rescues from the mouth of the lion two legs, or a piece of an ear, so shall the people of Israel who live in Samaria be rescued, with the corner of a couch and part of a bed.”
There would not be much left.
It is remindful of those grim and tragic scenes where families pick through the scant remains of their homes, devasted by fire, or tornado, or hurricane. A broken plate, a sodden teddy bear, perhaps the arm or leg of a favorite chair.
All of it would go, “I will tear down the winter house as well as the summer house; and the houses of ivory shall perish, and the great houses shall come to an end, says the Lord.” In Israel, the poor, the foreigner, the widow and orphan barely eked by, they had truly little to nothing at all. For them, there would not be much to lose.
But for the wealthy . . . this seemed unimaginable horror.
What is more, God would see to it the horns of Bethel’s altar would be cut off and “fall to the ground.” Not only would there be no sanctuary, no hope for reprieve, but God would show the utter powerlessness of the religion northern Israel had put such hope in.
With its horns removed,
- there would be nothing to hold up the grates for sacrifice,
- there would be nothing to grab hold of for protection or power,
- the altars would be both corrupted and mutilated,
. . . gutted in an eloquent portrayal of God’s final judgment against all that was corrupt and false in His people.
Because wealth and power—not God—were at the heart of their religion, all that represented those things would be stripped away. The beautiful mansions would be torn down, their military might torn away, their fortresses and vaults plundered.
The Lord was going to remove every barrier of sin between God and God’s people, and the Bethel-based idolatry would be destroyed once and for all.
Blowing a shofar | Picryl
4 thoughts on “Minor Prophets: Amos, Sound the Trumpet!”
It’s good. I wouldn’t call Egypt an opponent of Israel. The best way of explaining it is like how Great Britain is to the United States today. They were actually close allies, because God told the Israelites explicitly not to hate the Egyptians, because the Egyptians sheltered them during the Famine years of Jacob’s life.
Philistia was an opponent of Israel, though. Maybe the interpretation is that the LORD will bring both enemy and ally against the nation.
Peace. Keep spreading the word of God.
Ah, I just found the verse you were quoting. It’s about God taking the Israelites out of Egypt, and the other nations were also delivered.
Thanks for weighing,I appreciate that. Agreed, there were times when Egypt acted as an ally, possibly even rescuing the northern kingdom at one point from the Aramean invasion.
However, I think what Amos was doing was calling in those who had–at some point–been terribly oppressive and cruel towards the Israelites, particularly from their perspective.
Imagine having their wrongdoing be compared with the enslavement and abuse under the Pharaoh of yore, from God had rescued them–and be found worse!
Imagine being compared to the Philistines and be found even worse!
I think that was what Amos was trying to convey.
I see what you’re saying now. Good eye. I never read it like that before.