Minor Prophets: Zechariah, Vision Three


Zechariah is remindful of the donkey, bringing to mind his famous prophecy of the Lord coming in peace, riding on a donkey.

Vision 1 – God’s pity for God’s people | Zechariah 1:7‑17

Vision 2 – God’s protection of God’s people | Zechariah 1:18‑21

Vision 3 – God’s purpose for God’s people | Zechariah 2:1-13

Vision 4 – God’s purification of God’s people | Zechariah 3:1-10

Vision 5 – God’s empowering of God’s people | Zechariah 4:1-14

Vision 6 – God’s perfecting of God’s people | Zechariah 5:1-4

Vision 7 – God’s purging of God’s people | Zechariah 5:5-11

Vision 8 – God’s protecting of God’s people | Zechariah 6:1-8


Vision Three: A Man With a Measuring Line

I looked up and saw a man with a measuring line in his hand. 

Then I asked, “Where are you going?”

He answered me, “To measure Jerusalem, to see what is its width and what is its length.” 

Then the angel who talked with me came forward, and another angel came forward to meet him, and said to him,

“Run, say to that young man: Jerusalem shall be inhabited like villages without walls, because of the multitude of people and animals in it. For I will be a wall of fire all around it, says the Lord, and I will be the glory within it.”

Zechariah 2:1-5 (NRSV)

What Does It Mean?

In explaining Zechariah’s first vision to him, the Lord had already spoken of this measuring line. 

Therefore, thus says the Lord, I have returned to Jerusalem with compassion; my house shall be built in it, says the Lord of hosts, and the measuring line shall be stretched out over Jerusalem. Proclaim further: Thus says the Lord of hosts: My cities shall again overflow with prosperity; the Lord will again comfort Zion and again choose Jerusalem.

Zechariah 1:16-17 (NRSV)

Now Zechariah saw a man measuring out Jerusalem, yet the more he measured, the bigger Jerusalem seemed to be. In fact it was going to be so big it would have no walls. But wait! Yes, there would be a wall—Almighty God’s glory would surround God’s people with a wall of fire.

  • The man in this case represented “the angel of the Lord,” a theophany, a vision of the preincarnate Christ, relating back to the first man, sitting on the red horse. His presence marked this prophecy as both near-term and far-term, speaking of the new heavens and the new earth to come at the end of time.
  • The measuring line acted as a device to show the increase God would bring about, for the man kept measuring, yet there was always more city. God had already alerted Zechariah about this phenomenon, for the measuring line would be stretched over Jerusalem, yet never reach the walls.
  • Two angels, separate from the man with the measuring line, represented God’s message, both in revelation to Zechariah and to the prophet’s audience.
  • Villages without walls represented a time when the people would live in peace and security, fully trusting in God for protection.
  • Wall of fire was a reference to God’s shekinah, God’s visible glory, a great column of fire and cloud, as the people experienced God. God’s glory protected them from Pharaoh’s army, guided them through the wilderness wanderings, provided warmth and illumination throughout the nights and a protective cover from the desert sun throughout the days.
رؤيا يوحنا “أورشليم الجديدة”. منمنمة أرمنية من إنجيل جولفا الجديدة .| By Malnazar and Aghap’ir – Donabédian, Patrick (1987) (in French) Les arts arméniens, Paris: Mazenod, p. 346 ISBN: 2850880175., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=98280941

Such a prospect, on the face of it, seems magnificent, does it now? To live in complete accord, basking in the warmth and light and security of God’s glory. It is remindful of the state of innocent bliss humanity began with,

They become one flesh. And the man and his wife were both naked, and were not ashamed.

Genesis 2:24-25 (NRSV)

That level of vulnerability and transparency being a good thing, no need for coverings, for guardedness, for alarms and weapons, for protective measures and exit strategies. That level of openness and contentment with whatever might come next, for it will be okay, safe, good, beneficial.

But our reality contains a certain level of discomfort with vulnerability and uncertainty. It may feel exciting to imagine life without walls, but reality is a far different thing. Growth in faith means relying ever more readily on God’s glory within and God’s power without to be all you and I need.  

One day!

One day that will be our truth.

A Call To Return

Swept up as he was in the Spirit of the Lord, Zechariah exhorted those who were still living abroad “in Babylon” to escape their gilded cage and run to the land God had given them, the land of Zion.

For thus said the Lord of hosts (after his glory sent me) regarding the nations that plundered you: Truly, one who touches you touches the apple of my eye.

See now, I am going to raise my hand against them, and they shall become plunder for their own slaves. Then you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent me. 

Sing and rejoice, O daughter Zion! For lo, I will come and dwell in your midst, says the LordMany nations shall join themselves to the Lord on that day, and shall be my people; and I will dwell in your midst. And you shall know that the Lord of hosts has sent me to you. 

The Lord will inherit Judah as his portion in the holy land, and will again choose Jerusalem.

Be silent, all people, before the Lord; for he has roused himself from his holy dwelling.

Zechariah 2:8-13 (NRSV)

God’s Purpose for Jerusalem

The second part of Zechariah’s oracle was about the expansion and prosperity of Jerusalem.

  1. Settlement: The nations that had plundered God’s people would be themselves plundered, for God’s judgment would right what had been wronged. It is a mark of God’s righteous character that justice is served.

The far-term prophetic fulfillment is found in Jesus’s illustration of the strong man.

“How can Satan cast out Satan?  If a kingdom is divided against itself, that kingdom cannot stand.  And if a house is divided against itself, that house will not be able to stand. And if Satan has risen up against himself and is divided, he cannot stand, but his end has come. But no one can enter a strong man’s house and plunder his property without first tying up the strong man; then indeed the house can be plundered.

Jesus, Mark 3:23-27 (NRSV)

Jesus—the man with the measuring line—would bind the powers of spiritual darkness and plunder it, bringing redemption and salvation to all those who put their faith in him, fulfilling the far more ancient prophecy,

I [the Lord] will put enmity between you [the Serpent of Old] and the woman,

    and between your offspring and hers;

he [Messiah] will strike your head,

    and you will strike his heel.”

God to the Serpent, Genesis 3:15 (NRSV)
  1. Security: God’s holy city, representing all the people of God with whom God dwells, would be protected by the Lord as carefully and quickly as one protects one’s eye. Such protection promised swift and permanent security.
  1. Spiritual Presence: God would dwell within the holy city, a prophecy of God’s renewed presence among the people of Zechariah’s day, symbolized in the rebuilt temple. It is because of God’s presence that justice and peace would reign within Jerusalem.

The far-term fulfillment of this prophecy is found in the indwelling Holy Spirit to come five hundred years later after Jesus’s resurrection and ascension. Because of God’s presence within every believer, and within the Body of Christ, protection from spiritual darkness is guaranteed.

  1. Salvation: Many nations would come to the Lord through Jerusalem and become God’s people, an act of grace that shows mercy overcoming justice, fulfilling God’s covenant promises to Abraham,

 In you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.”

God to Abraham, Genesis 12:3 (NRSV)

And the prophecy of Isaiah, echoed by the Apostle Paul

Turn to me and be saved,
    all the ends of the earth!
    For I am God, and there is no other.
By myself I have sworn,
    from my mouth has gone forth in righteousness
    a word that shall not return:


To me every knee shall bow,
    every tongue shall swear.”

Only in the Lord, it shall be said of me,
    are righteousness and strength;
all who were incensed against him
    shall come to him and be ashamed.

Isaiah 45:22-24 (NRSV)

For it is written, “As I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall give praise to God.”

Romans 14:11 (NRSV)

Therefore God also highly exalted him
    and gave him the name
    that is above every name,
so that at the name of Jesus
    every knee should bend,
    in heaven and on earth and under the earth,
and every tongue should confess
    that Jesus Christ is Lord,
    to the glory of God the Father.

Philippians 2:9-11 (NRSV)

[The Holy City, The Book of Revelation; a study of the last prophetic book of Holy Scripture (1919) | By Internet Archive Book Images – https://www.flickr.com/photos/internetarchivebookimages/14780763261/Source book page: https://archive.org/stream/bookofrevelation00lark_0/bookofrevelation00lark_0#page/n229/mode/1up, No restrictions, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=42094108%5D

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