Since Jesus offered perfect and permanent propitiation, it means what was damaged is now perfectly and permanently repaired.
The writer had given nearly three chapters of exhortation, dire warnings in stern language. Now he turned to encouragement, feeling certain his audience would respond to God’s call through his letter.
Greek writers often paired the words mathein (to learn) and pathein (to suffer) together, because not only did they sound alike, it was accepted in antiquity that learning came through suffering.
We all grow up with traditions and worldviews that go so deep you and I often do not even realize they are there. We also grow up with ways of processing and coping with what we experience that seem so true and right it goes without being said. These things can be so rooted within our hearts and minds that to consider turning from them and taking up a new way is in itself unsettling and distressing.
This is commentary written in story form, in an experiment mixing narrative criticism in a creative nonfiction writing style.
So, while God was giving Moses all the law, and the instructions for the tabernacle, a beautiful meeting place between heaven and earth, the people were losing hope and losing trust.