Whatever we are going through can feel like it will last for the rest of our lives, without escape. Sometimes, some aspect of that really is true. But so much more often, now is only now, the middle of the story, and what the Lord has in store is unknown.
In Greek, the word for substitute is ὑπέρ| huper, meaning on behalf of or in another’s place.
If Christus Victor was a primary doctrine in the early church, how did penal substitutionary atonement move to prominence in recent centuries?
All of us hit bottom sometimes, when there is nowhere else to look, but up, and that is the moment when God has our undivided attention.