Zechariah’s final oracle is among the most prophetic and profound (and for many scholars, puzzling) of the prophet’s visions because of its eschatological and apocalyptic tenor.

For those who subscribe to either an amillennial or postmillennial view of the end of time, this final, dramatic vision will seem largely allegorical, or perhaps metaphorical, rather than a more concrete telling of what will physically happen in the last days.

Those of us who consider themselves more in the millennial camp view these as actual predictions of future events.

The last post envisioned future warfare and Christ’s fearsome appearance, This week looks at a possible view of the Millennium, and restored creation.


Living Light

On that day there shall not be either cold or frost.

And there shall be continuous day (it is known to the Lord), not day and not night, for at evening time there shall be light.

Zechariah 14:6-7 (NRSV)

Centuries later, John’s Revelation explained this strange marvel.

And the city has no need of sun or moon to shine on it, for the glory of God is its light, and its lamp is the Lamb.

The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it. Its gates will never be shut by day—and there will be no night there.

Revelation 21:23-25 (NRSV)

Prophetic Fulfillment

This will all happen in fulfillment of the Feast of the Tabernacles, also called the Feast of the Ingathering—featured just a few verses later in this chapter.

Each night was known as the Feast of Lights, when the priests would light up all the candelabra in the temple, causing the golden walls and columns to become radiant with light, seen for miles around. It was on just such a night that Jesus proclaimed,

“I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness but will have the light of life.”

Jesus, John 8:12 (NRSV)
“Ego sum lux mundi” Latin for “I AM the Light of the World” | By Carlo Pelagalli, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=53547302

Living Water

On that day living waters shall flow out from Jerusalem, half of them to the eastern sea and half of them to the western sea; it shall continue in summer as in winter.

Zechariah 14:8 (NRSV)

Remember that upon returning, Christ’s feet will once again stand on the Mount of Olives, precipitating a massive earthquake. It is reasonable to suppose (for those of us who read this oracle as physical predictions of what is yet to come) this earthquake will somehow break open a subterranean spring, causing a literal river to flow through the plains. 

The Dead Sea, which, it is thought, was formed in consequence of the judgement on Sodom and Gomorrah, will now come back to life. There will be a rich river into the Negev and Transjordan.

John’s Revelation explained the significance of this river.

Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, bright as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb through the middle of the street of the city.

On either side of the river is the tree of life with its twelve kinds of fruit, producing its fruit each month; and the leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations.

Nothing accursed will be found there any more.

Revelation 22:1-3 (NRSV)
‘The Celestial City and the River of Bliss’ by John Martin, 1841 | http://www.sothebys.com/en/auctions/ecatalogue/2015/old-master-british-paintings-evening-sale-l15033/lot.57.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=47069557

Once again, humankind will be able to eat from the Tree of Life! This is the resurrection and restoration the entire cosmos is longing for, according to the apostle Paul.

For the creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the children of God; for the creation was subjected to futility, not of its own will but by the will of the one who subjected it, in hope that the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to decay and will obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God. We know that the whole creation has been groaning in labor pains until now.

Romans 8:19-22 (NRSV)

Prophetic Fulfillment

This is another spiritual fulfillment found in the Feast of Tabernacles

On the last day of the feast the high priest would quote Isaiah: “With joy you will draw water from the wells of salvation,” fill a golden pitcher with water and pour it down the steps of the temple to commemorate Moses striking the rock and bringing forth living water for the people to drink. Everyone had to see the water of joy flowing out, rabbinical writings say that it was a great time of joy. 

It was during this holy moment that Jesus cried out,

“Let anyone who is thirsty come to me, and let the one who believes in me drink.

As the scripture has said, ‘Out of the believer’s heart shall flow rivers of living water.’”

Now he said this about the Spirit, which believers in him were to receive; for as yet there was no Spirit, because Jesus was not yet glorified.

Jesus (referring to Isaiah 58:11), John 7:37-39 (NRSV)

Living Community

And the Lord will become king over all the earth; on that day the Lord will be one and his name one.

Zechariah 14:9 (NRSV)

The whole world will be unified under Jesus’ rule, living water flowing from His throne throughout the whole earth. This is where the Millennium (which simply means “thousand” in Latin) comes in.

St Thomas Aquinas church, Ham. Stained-glass window by Paul Quail (1990) “Heavenly Jerusalem”. | By AndyScott – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=58248231

I saw thrones, and those seated on them were given authority to judge. I also saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their testimony to Jesus and for the word of God. They had not worshiped the beast or its image and had not received its mark on their foreheads or their hands.

They came to life and reigned with Christ a thousand years.

Revelation 20:4 (NRSV)

Prophetic Fulfillment

For Christians, the last phrase in this verse is particularly compelling: “on that day the Lord will be one and his name one.” The word in Hebrew is אֶחָ֖ד | echad, meaning a single entity but made up of more than one part.

We see this as God-Three-In-One acknowledged in Christ, God the Son, that time when the apostle Paul spoke of every knee bending, and every head bowing to the King of kings and Lord of Lords.

Lifted Jerusalem

The whole land shall be turned into a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem. But Jerusalem shall remain aloft on its site from the Gate of Benjamin to the place of the former gate, to the Corner Gate, and from the Tower of Hananel to the king’s wine presses.

And it shall be inhabited, for never again shall it be doomed to destruction; Jerusalem shall abide in security.

Zechariah 14:10-11 (NRSV)

This future vision of Jerusalem shows up earlier in Zechariah’s book (Chapter Two), and is described in greater detail in John’s Revelation (click here for the longer passage).

In the spirit [the angel] carried me [John] away to a great, high mountain and showed me the holy city Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God. It has the glory of God and a radiance like a very rare jewel, like jasper, clear as crystal.

Revelation 21:9-27 (NRSV)

1) It has a great, high wall with twelve gates guarded by twelve angels, and on the gates are inscribed the names of the twelve tribes of the Israelites. (Revelation 21:12)

2) The wall of the city has twelve foundations, written with the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. (Revelation 21:14)

3) It is perfect in all its dimensions. (Revelation 21:15-17)

4) The wall is built of jasper, while the city is pure gold, clear as glass. (Revelation 21:18)

5) The foundations of the wall of the city are adorned with every jewel (reminiscent of the breastplate worn by the high priest). (Revelation 21:19-20)

Gateway_to_the_Heavenly_Jerusalem,Johann_Salomon_Meyer,_Zerbst,_1750-1800,_mother_of_pearl,_gilt_bronze,_gemstonesMuseum_SchnütgenCologne,_Germany-_DSC0017 | By Daderot – Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=53457254

6) Each of the twelve gates is carved from a single pearl (twelve pearls). (Revelation 21:21)

7) The street of the city is pure gold, transparent as glass. (Revelation 21:21)

8) There is no temple, for the temple is the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb. (Revelation 21:22)

9) People will bring into jerusalem the glory and the honor of the nations. (Revelation 21:26)

10) Nothing unclean will enter it, but only those who are written in the Lamb’s book of life. (Revelation 21:27)


Jacobello Alberegno. The Heavenly Jerusalem, 1375-1397, State Hermitage Museum, Sanct Petersburg, RF | By Alberegno – State Hermitage Museum, Sanct Petersburg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=51342250

3 thoughts on “Minor Prophets: Zechariah’s “Millennium”

  1. Reblogged this on Zero Lift-Off and commented:
    The following quotes from this article are revelation to me of what I focus upon in complete devout submission to our Lord and Savior.
    “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness but will have the light of life.”
    Jesus, John 8:12 (NRSV)
    “Creation itself will be set free from its bondage to decay and will obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God. We know that the whole creation has been groaning in labor pains until now.”
    It was during this holy moment that Jesus cried out,
    “Let anyone who is thirsty come to me, and let the one who believes in me drink.
    As the scripture has said, ‘Out of the believer’s heart shall flow rivers of living water.’”
    Last evening I was speaking to a sister of mine about Anne Catherine Emmerich and prophetic visions and how all of this earthly existence is separated from the eternal realm by a thin veil but all here being fallen from the full glory of God in His absolute perfection decays and has an end point; whereas what lies beyond this is eternal all of it just outside of our reach and all mankind has and still does seek immortality to get beyond this finality here a trap unto death, but, are often being fooled to think there are any other solutions to this what appears to be a riddle that must have some means of escape but many pagan concepts have sprung up since the fall that lead to destruction and perdition so that the apparent truth is that there is no way out other than Jesus Christ who is the only bridge or pathway to the everlasting and understanding.
    https://i.pinimg.com/736x/01/8e/39/018e39461345b6f252c63d932a72ffdc.jpg
    “No one has greater love [nor stronger commitment] than to lay down his own life for his friends.” John 15:13
    https://jamedders.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/loving-jesus.jpeg
    https://i.pinimg.com/originals/3e/1c/d1/3e1cd1f1172f8a6745fa3561295c572c.jpg
    “He who tries to save his life will lose it and he who gives it up will gain it”
    “32Therefore everyone who confesses Me before men, I will also confess him before My Father in heaven. 33But whoever denies Me before men, I will also deny him before My Father in heaven. 34Do not assume that I have come to bring peace to the earth; I have not come to bring peace, but a sword.” Matthew 10:32-34
    “Whoever has my commands and keeps them is the one who loves me. The one who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I too will love them and show myself to them” John 14:21
    “Then Jesus said to his disciples, ‘Whoever wants to be my disciple must deny themselves and take up their cross and follow me. For whoever wants to save their life will lose it, but whoever loses their life for me will find it’” Matthew 16:24–25
    “Whoever has my commands and keeps them is the one who loves me. The one who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I too will love them and show myself to them” John 14:21
    Jesus promises that when we obey Him he will manifest Himself to us! I know this is truth and it has happened many times when I do as I tell others, put Jesus Christ front and center in your life and with a completely humble trusting heart let Him show you the way.
    “I saw thrones, and those seated on them were given authority to judge. I also saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their testimony to Jesus and for the word of God. They had not worshiped the beast or its image and had not received its mark on their foreheads or their hands.”
    I’ve been writing of this very factor over the last couple of days because I see a world now that is all but too eager to serve the “Beast System” and the proof is all around us minute by minute, many of the people are so lost; and rebellious even; I say not unlike the time of Noah and worse. They run to the precipice like mad dogs or banshees, we see so many examples of this in government and all stations in life, and saw the results of this during the summer of 2020 with riots and mayhem throughout the country, while actual government leadership cheered it on; they all work for the Evil One, there can be so doubt who their master is. For anyone who is conscience and having standard natural cognitive faculty, but not seeing this; it’s like “not seeing the forest for the trees.”
    I always remember from my earliest readings of the book of Revelation this image mentioned here in the article, and how tremendous actually exceeding anyone’s imagination it will be, beyond human comprehension, but, knowing that with God in His glorious omnipotence, how anything is possible, and we in our feeble capacity to understand God are gaining minute glimpses of what is to come through our devout faith in Him; our Savior Jesus Christ. Amen.
    Brother in Christ Jesus,
    Lawrence Morra III

    Like

      1. You’re very welcome, Sister in Christ Joanne, I’m more than happy and honored to offer anything of value to the fine writings and insights you provide here and in all of your articles; the opportunity is truly a blessing! I again have to say I did make a mistake and repeat a verse of Scripture and only realized it after clicking which is so easy to do, but being diligent to review carefully before doing so isn’t so easy if in a hurry or tired; no excuses just admission! But, I will agree with your pointing out “heartfelt” as being accurate on your part, because when I say or write my thoughts I try my best to be speaking from my heart; and that’s especially true when addressing something as beautiful as what you present here pertaining to the Faith and our Lord! Thank you so much for all of your kindness and understanding; you are an absolute treasure and gift to us Dear Sister!
        May God continue to inspire other faithful to extol and fully appreciate you in the coming year while providing you with so much Grace and Wisdom to help others as greatly as you do; which you truly have done for me!

        Yes Absolutely; Grace and Peace Joanne!
        Brother in Christ,
        Lawrence
        Shalom

        Liked by 2 people

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